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Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) involves several types of medical treatment designed to result in pregnancy. Types of ART include in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), embryo cryopreservation, egg or embryo donation, and gestational carriers.

When an egg is released, semen provided by the woman’s male partner, or by a sperm donor, is introduced into the woman’s uterus by a process called intrauterine insemination IUI or Artificial insemination AI. This is the same procedure, named differently by different clinics.

Infertility can be overwhelming. Not only are you faced with the shock of not being able to have a child, but suddenly you are thrust into learning an entirely new language. This section of our site is intended to provide you with factual information on the most common fertility drugs. Your physician and medical team will discuss use of the drugs that are appropriate for you. Be sure to properly store all medications to ensure their potency.

If the embryos are developing normally, the woman will return to the clinic to have the embryos transferred into her uterus. The embryos will usually be at the two to eight cell stage. Some clinics are now letting embryos grow for 5 days to the blastocyst stage.

Women who require egg donation as a form of fertility treatment or supporting their IVF are often those who have reached an advanced maternal age. Generally, woman may begin to consider egg donation in their late 30’s. Egg donation is also recommended if people have had several failed treatments with their own eggs or have chromosomal or genetic challenges that they wish to end with the solution of egg donation. Another reason is the onset of premature ovarian failure or early menopause.

Many infants are conceived each year using this method. Couples use donor sperm (DS) when the husband/partner has no sperm or a very poor semen analysis (azoospermia, oligospermia, poor motility), or when there is a genetic problem which could be inherited from the male. Single women who want a biological child also use donor sperm.

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