The female reproductive system includes the following organs and glands:
Produce female hormones: estrogen and progesterone
Produce one ripened egg (called ovum) each menstrual cycle
The male reproductive system includes the following organs and glands:
- Contains the testes, the sperm producing organs
- The location of the scrotum, outside the body, behind the penis, help to maintain the temperature, ensuring normal sperm production.
When a girl is born, she typically has between 1 and 2 million eggs in her ovaries (primary oocytes.) She will begin to lose these eggs early in life leaving her only 300,000 to 500,000 by the age of puberty.
Content originally provided by Church & Dwight, makers of First Response.
Progesterone is a natural female hormone. Called “the pregnancy hormone,” it is essential before and during pregnancy.
An Incredible Confluence of Events
Must release a healthy, mature ovum, which must be picked up by a healthy, functional fallopian tube
Must produce healthy sperm and deposit it in the vagina, near the cervical opening. (once deposited, only about 10% of the sperm survive to penetrate the cervical mucus)
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