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The Female Reproductive System

The female reproductive system includes the following organs and glands:

Ovaries

Produce female hormones: estrogen and progesterone

Produce one ripened egg (called ovum) each menstrual cycle

Each cycle one of the ovaries produces an egg, which develops in a small fluid-filled sac called the follicle. When the egg is mature it is released from the ovary and passes through one of the fallopian tubes.

Fallopian Tubes

Two trumpet shaped, flexible tubes connected to the uterus, they are designed with flared projections (fimbriae) to catch the egg and move it into the tube.

Egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tubes and it is here that the egg becomes fertilized and the resulting embryo is transferred to the uterus by cilia (small hairlike structures)

Uterus
Thick, muscular organ that is designed to support a growing fetus

Endometrium

Mucous membrane that lines the uterus and plays a key role in implantation of the embryo.

The endometrium responds to the hormone progesterone, produced by the body and must be thick and spongy to receive the embryo. If there is no implantation the lining is shed with a menstrual period.

Cervix
A ring of tissue at the top of the vagina designed to collect sperm (with a cervical mucus), which are later released into the uterus.
Observing changes in your cervical mucus will help you determine signs of fertility

Vagina
Sperm enter the woman’s body through the vagina which then leads to the cervix.

– Content courtesy of Resolve

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