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Risk Factors for Men

Infertility is not solely a women’s problem. About 30% of infertility cases involve male factor problems alone, and 30% of cases involve problems with both partners. Many researchers believe the causes of declining male fertility during this century are environmental; they include pesticide and chemical exposure, drug use, radiation, and pollution.

The following is a partial list of environmental risk factors to male fertility:

  • exposure to toxic substances or hazards on the job, such as lead, cadmium, mercury, ethylene oxide, vinyl chloride, radioactivity, and x-rays
  • cigarette or marijuana smoke, heavy alcohol consumption
  • prescription drugs for ulcers or psoriasis
  • DES exposure in utero
  • exposure of the genitals to elevated temperatures — hot baths, jacuzzis, steam rooms

Medical risks to male fertility include:

  • hernia repair
  • undescended testicles
  • history of prostatis or genital infection
  • mumps after puberty

– Content courtesy of Resolve

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