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The female reproductive system includes the following organs and glands:

Ovaries

Produce female hormones: estrogen and progesterone

Produce one ripened egg (called ovum) each menstrual cycle

The male reproductive system includes the following organs and glands:

Scrotum

  • Contains the testes, the sperm producing organs
  • The location of the scrotum, outside the body, behind the penis, help to maintain the temperature, ensuring normal sperm production.

An Incredible Confluence of Events

The Woman
Must release a healthy, mature ovum, which must be picked up by a healthy, functional fallopian tube

The Man
Must produce healthy sperm and deposit it in the vagina, near the cervical opening. (once deposited, only about 10% of the sperm survive to penetrate the cervical mucus)

Understanding What Happens

Not every woman experiences a standard 28-day cycle. Some women may have longer or shorter cycles and still be fertile.

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